Archived 2016 topics: Brown-backed Parrotlet (Touit melanonotus): downlist from Endangered to Vulnerable?

BirdLife species factsheet for Brown-backed Parrotlet

Brown-backed Parrotlet is endemic to the states of Bahia, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Paraná in south-east Brazil. The species is listed as Endangered under C2a(i). The population is estimated at 250-999 mature individuals. A moderate and ongoing population decline is suspected owing to rates of habitat destruction and degradation.

In the Brazilian Red List assessment for birds (MMA 2014) this species is listed as Vulnerable under C2a(i). It is estimated that there are <10,000 mature individuals with <1,000 mature individuals in each subpopulation. The population is in continuing decline owing to habitat loss. The species’s assessment on the Brazilian Red List can be accessed here.

Clarification of the species’s population size is needed to ascertain whether it meets the thresholds for Vulnerable or Endangered under C2a(i). Should the population fall between >2,500 and <10,000 mature individuals, with <1,000 mature individuals in each subpopulation, it would likely qualify for Vulnerable under criterion C2a(i). Comments are welcome to help in the evaluation of this species’s status.



MMA (2014) Lista Nacional Oficial de Espécies da Fauna Ameaçadas de Extinção. Portaria No 444, de 17 de dezembro de 2014. Diário Oficial da União – Seção 1. Nº 245, quinta-feira, 18 de dezembro de 2014.

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2 Responses to Archived 2016 topics: Brown-backed Parrotlet (Touit melanonotus): downlist from Endangered to Vulnerable?

  1. We monitored two subpopulations in the southeast of Bahia de T.melanonotus, specifically in the cities of Boa Nova and Poções. We estimate that at each of these locations the number of species indívudos is between 25 and 40 individuals. This year we found a cohesive flock of 16 birds. Because of the surrounding state of fragmentation we do not believe that these groups have contact. We also recorded some small flocks in the beach Algodões in Marau. In the coastal stretch between Itacaré and Barra Grande, it seems to be the Bahia region where the species is in a more favorable situation (according to personal accounts of Leonardo Patrial, ornithologist and local guide). Judging by the local data, and knowing that the species still occurs in Bahia too in the municipalities of Macarani, Cabralia, Porto Seguro, I think the total population of the species in Brazil is more than 999 mature individuals. Surely however are less than 1000 subpopulation of individuals.

  2. James Westrip (BirdLife) says:

    Based on available information, our preliminary proposal for the 2016 Red List would be to adopt the proposed classifications outlined in the initial forum discussion.

    There is now a period for further comments until the final deadline of 28 October, after which the recommended categorisations will be put forward to IUCN.

    Please note that we will then only post final recommended categorisations on forum discussions where these differ from those in the initial proposal.

    The final 2016 Red List categories will be published on the BirdLife and IUCN websites in early December, following further checking of information relevant to the assessments by both BirdLife and IUCN.

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